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tv   BBC World News  PBS  March 10, 2012 12:30am-1:00am PST

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> syria will allow limited access to the country. greece debt another bailout but one expert says the country is in default. calls in russia to president against -- to protest against the victory of vladimir putin. welcome to bbc world news. nearly 250,000 new jobs for the u.s. economy as the u.s. has rebounded from the recession. and why some of the biggest stock offerings are changing some of their ingredients.
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hello again. the united nations humanitarian envoy has said they will agree to allow limited observation. she was speaking from turkey. the un estimates nearly 1.5 million people in syria are in need of food and aid. refugee camps along the turkish- syrian border from where we report. >> this is our dinner is served. one of six camps built by the turkish government in the last 10 months. like the others, is filling up with new arrivals fleeing the syrian government onslaught against the opposition. many of them feel badly let down by the lack of international support. like this family, who arrived three weeks ago.
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>> we do not ask anything from other countries because so far, they have been no use to us. if they give weapons to the free syrian army, we can save our country. >> it has not saved former opposition strongholds from the relentless opposition. homs is being bombarded. areas where people dare to defy the government are shrinking. the un humanitarian on voice stopped briefly in turkey. she is trying to get syrian agreement for a large-scale aid operation. so far, little headway. >> the syrian government has asked for more time to look at the agreement that i put to them. it is very important, in my view, that we get humanitarian
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access. however, the government has agreed to a limited assessment exercise to be conducted by un agencies and the syrian authorities. >> many who can make it are attempting to flee. most imagine there would only be staying a few weeks when they arrive. the numbers are not going down. they are increasing. when will something be done to help them get home again? there is no answer to that question nor any end in sight. their cramped lives as they are exiled across the border. >> the united nations and arab league special envoy to syria is scheduled to be the syrian
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president later in damascus -- to meet the syrian president in damascus. only once he is outside of syria will he meet opposition leaders. there are hoping dialogue will force a political settlement. what impact his visit might have on the situation in syria. >> kofi and non -- annon is someone who does have a international weight. it is hard to see how this will dictate a process to end the protests. it has allowed the un to get into the process. the question is, will they use that to change the approach to the crackdown or will he play for more time to kill more people and impose his solution over the country? it is going to be a long grind and it is very clear that assad is not or to step aside any time soon. it is going to require some sort of on the ground effort to get
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him to be forced into dilemma's where he has to stay, and die, or to go. >> greece received a second enormous bailout after decisions by ould investors to swap their old bonds for new ones. the new bonds are worth just half as much. the deal was greeted enthusiastically by european governments. regulators have declared it a credit even. in other words, it is a default. investors will be able to launch insurance claims worth billions. >> is an important step for greece in 8 sawgrass that has seen riots on the streets and fraught negotiations with europe's political leaders. their debt was set -- their debt was slashed in a process unprecedented in modern times. it wiped out a chunk of the
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government debt burden. >> this agreement we have reached with the private sector -- it is a historic day for greece, the greek parliament, the greek people, and the national economy. >> how far does this deal with private creditors go to help greece balance its books? private institutions and individuals have agreed to take losses that will cut it to 101 billion euros. that still leaves $102 billion worth of euros and other debt. the total is projected to be at least 120% of gdp by 2020. with that burden still hanging over a weakening greek economy, some experts think the economy will struggle to pay back the loans. >> at the moment, economic
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output is in freefall. they have been in recession for the last four years and will be in recession for at least another year or two. this is where greece needs investment, structure reforms to get economic output going. without economic output, they are unable to pay back any amount of debt. >> the german finance the minister was urging caution. he said greece has a clear opportunity to recover but it would be a big mistake to be under the impression the crisis was resolved. >> one part of the drama is being played out here. a group of market experts have been meeting today to try to work out whether insurance payouts will have to be made with investors who have lost money on greek debt able to climb back some other financial institutions. they have decided those payouts will have to be made, possibly totaling only a few billion euros. that is another reminder the greek financial crisis is not over yet.
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a significant milestone was passed today. >> israeli air strikes in gaza have killed eight palestinians, including the leader of a local militant organization. his predecessor was killed in august. palestinian militants have fired mortars and rockets across the border into southern israel, injuring two people. reports from a moroccan news agency said courts have sentenced to nationals to death over terrorist attacks. seventeen people were dead and 21 injured in april. the victims were both moroccan and foreign citizens. removing the records of the consortia cruise line will take up to one year, according to its operators. the ship may meet have to be broken into pieces. first, half a million gallons of fuel have to be removed.
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seven people are still account -- unaccounted for. thousands of libyans had a rally in tripoli to denounce the creation of a semi-autonomous territory. the slogan demanded unity. italy has demanded an urgent explanation from britain over circumstances of trying to free two hostages in nigeria. the man was killed in the operation. the italian president says it is inexplicable that he was not informed before the operation was launched. >> bullet holes are evidence of a fierce battle that took place in this residential compound in northwest nigeria. british and nigerian forces tried and failed to rescue two hostages.
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they had been held for 10 months by a violent al qaeda cell. italy's president today asked why his government had not been consulted before the raid. >> the behavior of the british government in not informing italy is inexplicable. political clarification is necessary. >> the secretary was in copenhagen and try to provide that clarification. >> we had to make a decision very quickly. to go ahead with this operation, we had very limited time. that constrain how much we were able to consult others. we were able to as the operation got under way, but not to do more than that. >> why did it all happened so quickly? the nigerians confirmed the hostages' locations after arresting a suspect two days ago. the kidnappers were alerted to a possible rescue.
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this left the hostages in imminent danger of being moved or killed. under pressure, the prime minister authorized the raid and informed the italians. the british special boat service went in first in a daylight raid, killing one gunmen as they entered. they found the hostages had are the been murdered by the time to reach them. -- by the time they reached them. >> it was a fleeting opportunity to protect people's lives. some outstanding intelligence work identified their location and the opportunity had to be grabbed it then and there. >> today, his former colleagues paid tribute to the 28-year-old from oldham. >> my reaction was devastating. he was a very good team player.
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>> his family has said they believe everything that could be done has been done. the tragic death of the two hostages has led to questions in italy of whether it had to end this way. >> opposition leaders in russia have called for demonstrations in moscow to protest last weekend's election, which returned vladimir putin to the presidency. >> is on this avenue in central moscow that the demonstration is due to take place. authorities have given permission for 50,000 people to take part. the big question is, how many will actually turn out given that vladimir putin has already been reelected as president? the first test for the opposition came on monday night after the election results were announced. the number is taking to the
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streets, much smaller than expected. the mood was grim. they failed to stop vladimir putin from winning the election in the first round. some tried a permanent occupation of the square. they were dragged off by the police. analysts believe the opposition movement does need to change tactics now but not by becoming more radical. >> a very small proportion of those who participated in the rally are ready to realign and act in on lawful ways -- unlawful ways. because they are much smaller, they are a much easier target. it will more likely signal the end of this movement. >> using the streets to demand change may become less popular.
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the opposition focusing instead on creating their own political parties to fight the next election. >> this is bbc news. still ahead -- the male voice-over still rules in hollywood. will women get more of a chance at selling movies? players for the glasgow rangers try to keep the football club in business. the biggest hits were taken by whitaker and naismith. >> the players deserve great credit. this agreement is the best way to achieve the necessary cost savings to ensure the continuing operations of the club. while preserving the fabric of
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the playing squad. the agreement has also directly prevented substantial job losses among the non-playing staff. >> this is bbc news. these are the headlines. the united nations says syria will all-out un agencies access to make a limited assessment of the humanitarian situation in the country. greece said to receive another massive bailout. one credit agency says the company -- the country is in default. one year after japan was struck by an earthquake and tsunami, new documents suggest the government knew that the nuclear power plant was facing a meltdown just hours after it had been hit by the wake. details of the crisis was kept secret for months.
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so far, it has cost them $130 billion. radiation is preventing 100,000 people from returning to their homes. our correspondent has returned to see how lives have changed. >> you cannot see it, but absorbed by the trees, the radiation threat is all around us. who was told to evacuate? nobody, says the professor. in one year ago, this was home to 6000 people. today, it is too radioactive to live here. now, the government wants to clean up several thousand square kilometers of contaminated land. nothing like it has been done before, not even after the chernobyl disaster. no one knows if it can be made
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fit for humans to live in again. trying to work out how to find and remove the nuclear material. it spread along the wind and its radiation will last longer than a human lifetime. >> the government says there will be a contaminant everywhere. it is a huge area. i do not think they can do it. it will cost a colossal amount. >> the reactors are still fragile up. many are too fearful to live in the shadow of the nuclear plant. 15 miles from it, bisected by the nuclear exclusion zone. one-third of the town's population who fled have not returned. across the town, the top 5 centimeters of soil is being removed. more radioactive particles keep
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falling from the trees. this nursery school now takes radiation readings every day. then they swap the playground clean. the school is one of the few places that has been completely decontaminated. a counter installed in the playground shows radiation within safe limits. >> they have cleaned up our nursery and playground. that is all. we cannot even take the children out of the front gate. our life is limited to these tiny spaces. >> even when levels are low, many parents will not bring their children back here. living with radiation is a risk they do not want to take. >> deaths have been reported among hospital patients in kenya.
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the strike of tens of thousands of nurses enters the second week. they faced nairobi, demanding better pay and working conditions. the government decision to sack 25,000 work -- the government is planning to sack 25,000 nurses for failure to return to work. the american economy created a better-than-expected 230,000 jobs in february. unemployment stayed at 8.3%. it did continue a trend, moving in the right direction. the president spoke at a event in texas. >> we just found out that last month, in february, we added 233,000 private-sector jobs. [applause] more companies are bringing jobs back and investing in
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america. >> our new york business reporter gave us for analysis. >> for the past few months, the labor picture starting to improve. we have gone from an unemployment rate of around 10% last year to around 8.3% right now. slowly, americans are beginning to find their way back into the workplace. still an unacceptably high level. millions of americans cannot find jobs even though they want to. it is a move in the right direction. economists viewed it as a positive sign, in particular looking at some of the other data, manufacturing, industrial production. we've seen more positive news coming out of the u.s. lately. this confirms some of that data, that the recovery is starting to build here. >> coca-cola is changing the ingredients of its world-famous drink to avoid a california law that would require it to be
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branded a cancer risk. pepsi is making similar changes after a watchdog found unsafe levels of chemicals used in the making of the carmel that is in both drinks. both say that did not amount to a change in this recipe. it is everywhere and it is what goes in to the father -- into the bottles that makes coca-cola billions in revenue. world domination does not make it easier to abide by laws in the countries in which they are sold. in america, the time has come for changes to avoid having to label their products with a cancer warning. these are some of coca-cola's key ingredients. they appear on cans and bottles. it is the caramel and coloring that give it its distinctive dark color. manufacturers have instructed the karimov -- caramel suppliers
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to reduce the amount of a chemical. california has a 29 micrograms benchmark. a regions -- a recent study showed levels ranging between 103-153 micrograms. earlier this week, a watchdog for the center for science in the public interest deemed levels on save and levels of coca-cola, pepsi, and a range of other soft drinks. critics say the perceived cancer risk is based on one study performed only on mice. one consumer organization in the u.s. says a person would have to drink 2900 cans every day for 70 years before there would be at risk of getting cancer. changes are being made, once with -- which coca-cola says will not affect the taste of its most valuable drink. >> finally, for many of us, the
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weekend means a trip to the cinema. have you stop to think what some many of the trailers are voiced by men with deep voices? >> in a world within our world, they created a world unlike any other world. >> the hollywood studios rely on male voices when it comes to promoting their films. >> is a male-dominated field. they tend to go with men. there have been occasions women have done trailers, but there are few. >> why is the business so dominated by men? >> the physicality of the male voice tends to be a stronger presence, especially on trailers where it is in a theater and there is action, noise, special effects.
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>> welcome to paradise. >> she is one of the few women who has voiced a movie trailer, one face on television. she believes female voices can sell a movie but concedes male voices would be better for certain kinds of films. >> i think it is specific to a genre. like an action genre, i could totally understand. it comes to what i call chiclets, romantic comedies, i think women do it beautifully. >> what about the moviegoing public? what are their views? opinion appeared split. >> i think women should do voice overs. i think it would be quite appealing. >> why don't i think women do voice overs? because guys do it better. >> a lot of people would disagree. >> oh well. >> science has been justified. a study revealed that while both
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men and women like listening to female voices, they trust a male voice nor -- more. many believe women's voices can do the job. >> life evolves. it is in next frontier. women have that at their door front right now. they will have that opportunity. it is definitely still a man's world. >> on march 2, experience the adventure of a lifetime. >> any changes likely to be incremental. in the meantime, we will have to make do with rich baritones beckoning us to future attractions. >> this is bbc news. a brief reminder of our main story. the former un secretary-general is expected to meet the syrian president in just a few hours at the beginning of a new peace mission to syria. topics include a ceasefire and
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opening aid corridors. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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